During the nineteenth century many emigration societies were set up to help individuals and groups of people who wished to seek a better life abroad. Two of the most well-known societies were the Highland and Islands Emigration Society and the Glasgow Emigration Societies or Lanark Settlers, as they became known.
There are a number of publications in the library that provide further information on the Highlands and Islands Emigration Society. These include the ‘Report of the Highland Emigration Society, from its formation in April 1852, until April 1853′ (1853). This pamphlet outlines the aims of the Society, as well as including names of the ships and numbers of emigrants sent to Australia during that year. A complete passenger list for the ‘Georgiana’ also appears, listing the names of the main householder in each party, the number of people in the family, their occupation, salary and employer details.
Some further investigations of the Scots who arrived in Australia with the H & I Emigration Society is discussed in ‘The Highland Scots of South Australia’ by Eric Richards, ‘Journal of the Historical Society of South Australia’, Number 4, 1978 and Donna Hellier’s ‘The Humblies: the Emigration of Highland Scots to Victoria in the 1850s via the Highland and Island Emigration Society’ (1983).
For those researching ancestors who left Scotland between 1852-57 with this Society, a database of passenger names can be searched on the website of the Scottish Archive Network.
The ‘Lanark Settlers’ comprised members of more than forty societies that formed to help Scots from the Lanarkshire and Renfrewshire areas of Scotland emigrate to Upper Canada in the early nineteenth century. The Agent that helped arrange this was Robert Lamond and he published ‘A narrative of the rise & progress of emigration, from the counties of Lanark & Renfrew, to the new settlements in Upper Canada, on Government Grant; comprising the proceedings of the Glasgow Committee for directing the affairs and embarkation of the Societies. With a map of the townships, designs for cottages, and a plan of the ship Earl of Buckinghamshire. Also, interesting letters from the settlements’ (1821).
There are also several published books on the subject including Carol Bennett’s ‘The Lanark Society Settlers 1820-1821′ (1991); Gerald J. Neville’s ‘The Lanark Society Settlers: Ships’ Lists of the Glasgow Emigration Society 1821′ (1995); and ‘Emigration and Scottish Society: the background of three Government assisted emigrations to Upper Canada 1815-1821′ (1990) by Michael E. Vance.